Diabetes – Foods To Eat And Avoid

March 20, 2017 by  
Filed under Tips for Diabetic Patients

What one eats is very important from the point of view of his health.
The chief concern while monitoring and controlling diabetes is to see that the sugar level does not cross the normal range. This means that one needs to cut down on certain types of food and consume regularly those foods, which are good at regulating diabetes.

People with diabetes should try to maintain a healthy weight and eat a diet that is:

– low in fat

– low in sugar

– low in salt

– high in fruit and vegetables (at least five portions a day)

– high in starchy carbohydrate foods, such as bread, chapatti, rice.

There is no such food that people with diabetes should never eat. In addition, there is no need to cut out all sugar. But, people with diabetes should try and eat only small amounts of foods that are high in sugar, fat. So, if you have diabetes you can treat yourself to cakes and biscuits once a blue moon, as part of a balanced diet.

What foods to eat?

– A diabetic patient must eat lots of fruits and vegetables in which fibre content is very high. Such type of food lowers the requirement for insulin, the reason being it releases energy into the body cells slowly. A high fibre diet means more chromium, which is very helpful in the treatment of diabetes.

– As for vegetables, onion, garlic, ginger, radish, spinach, kale, cucumber, carrot, tomato, cabbage and cucumber are excellent in the treatment of diabetes. Moong, kidney beans which have been sprouted, and unripe banana which is cooked, are also recommended.

– Fenugreek seeds which have been soaked in water are good for diabetic patients.

– For fruits, take guava, Indian blackberry (jamun), fig, kiwi fruit, apples, citrus fruits and pomegranate juice. Let these things be a part of your morning breakfast. Since, fruit juice is high in fructose (fruit sugar) and can cause blood sugar levels to rise quickly, it’s best for diabetics to drink fruit juice with a meal and avoid having more than one small glass a day.

– Replace white sugar with palm sugar, dates and honey, if you want to have something sweet.

– Unpolished rice, sprouted grain should be taken in moderate quantity.

– Fats like olive oil and peanut oil are good in diabetes.

– Drink plenty of water, at least 8 to 10 glasses per day.

– Single helping of fish or seafood, as it provides omega 3 fatty acids.

– Condiments such as pepper, chilli, mustard, herbs and spices.

– Raw vegetables need to be taken in large quantity, as cooked food raises the level of blood sugar fast.

– Eat non-fat dairy such as skim milk, non-fat yogurt and non-fat cheese, plain yoghurt, avoid cottage cheese a sit is high in carbohydrates.

– Some herbs and vegetables are specifically prescribed for diabetes, like Bitter Gourd and bitter melon juice.
What to avoid?

– Processed foods, white sugar, white flour and junk food, must be totally given up. Avoid sweets, glucose, fruit sugar, cakes, ice cream, chocolates, soft drinks, cream and fried foods.

– Anything that contains harmful preservatives and too much salt should be avoided.

– Avoid smoking and alcohol.

– Try and abstain from sweets, ice-creams and chocolates, including the so-called sugar-free types.

– Foods made from white flour, rye, corn, polished rice, bread, pasta, pastry, cakes, biscuits, pies.

– Starchy vegetables such as potatoes in particular; and go easy with beet, carrots, peas, beans.

– Avoid concentrated dairy products, such as khoya, kheer, cheese, cottage cheese.

– Fruits such as bananas, mango, grapes, strawberry, custard apple, date.

– Cottage cheese (except in small amounts)

– Avoid commercially packaged foods such as fast foods, chips, ready-to-eat foods, snack foods and “health foods.”

– Fruit juices, as these are much higher in carbohydrates than fresh fruit. Moreover, they also lack in dietary fibre.

A few helpful tips if eating out –

– Avoid items called jumbo, combo, giant, deluxe, as they tend to have more calories.

– Choose grilled, baked roasted or steamed food.

– Choose water and calorie-free “diet” drinks instead of regular soda, fruit mock tails, sweet tea and other sugar-sweetened drinks

– Avoid creamy toppings, like mayonnaise. Add flavour with pepper, tomato, and onion.

– Watch out for high-fat topping salads, dressings, cheeses, and croutons.

– Choose a thin-crust pizza with extra vegetable toppings. Limit yourself to one or two slices. Keep off the extra cheese, which add calories, fat, and sodium.

– End your meal with sugar-free, fat-free frozen simple yogurt or a small cone of fat-free yogurt. Better still, go for a platter of fresh fruit salad.

– Check out on your portion size.

SO, EAT WELL AND BE WELL.

Healthy Diet For Diabetic Patients

March 20, 2017 by  
Filed under Tips for Diabetic Patients

When somebody is diagnosed with diabetes, it is very important to keep his/her blood sugar levels under strict control. A very effective way to control your diabetes is through controlling your diet. There are different foods which are useful in controlling the blood sugar levels. The following is a discussion about such foods:–

(a) Fruits — Fruits like apples and pomegranate have many beneficial effects for diabetics. Apples contain pectin which help in the detoxification of the body. Apples also help to reduce the insulin requirement of the body. A regular dose of pomegranate juice lowers the risk of atherosclerosis. Grapefruits are also good for diabetic patients.

(b) Vegetables — Vegetables like bitter gourd, broccoli, spinach, beans etc. should be consumed daily by diabetic patients. Particularly, bitter gourd is very useful as it contains plant insulin. Juice of bitter gourd should be consumed twice in empty stomach, which helps to control blood sugar. It can also be cooked like other vegetables.

(c) Herbs and seeds — There are many herbs and seeds which should be included in the diet for diabetic patients. Gymnema sylvestre is a Ayurvedic herb which helps to control both type 1 and type 2 diabetes by promoting the growth of new beta cells in the pancreas. Blackberry seeds and neem seeds are also good for controlling diabetes. These can be consumed in the powdered form.

(d) Spices — Spices like cinnamon, fenugreek etc. may be consumed to control blood sugar. Cinnamon is very effective as it improves the glucose metabolism in the body of diabetic patients. It also helps to reduce the resistance towards insulin. The recommended dose is 1/2 tsp daily.

(e) Garlic — Raw garlic, if consumed daily, helps to reduce sugar levels. The normal dose is about 4gms/day.

(f) Vinegar — Vinegar has been found to be very useful in controlling sugar levels. Research has shown that if 2 tsp of vinegar is taken before meals, it helps to control the spikes in blood sugar, which are very common after meals.

Prescribed Foods for Diabetic Patients

March 20, 2017 by  
Filed under Tips for Diabetic Patients

French bean

French bean is one of the most commonly used vegetables all over the world. There are several varieties, the most widely used being the French bean, is also known as common or kidney bean.

Beans are high in carbohydrates and fiber. They should be eaten liberally to keep diabetes under control.

A decoction prepared from the beans is an excellent remedy for diabetes. This decoction is prepared by boiling 60 grams of fresh kidney bean pods, after removing their seeds, in four liters of water on a slow fire for four hours. It is then strained through fine muslin cloth and allowed to stand for eight hours. One glass of this decoction every two hours during the day is recommended. This treatment should be continued for four to eight weeks along with the prescribed diet restrictions. The decoction must be made fresh every day, as it loses it medicinal value after 24 hours.

The juice extracted from French beans is also valuable in controlling diabetes. It stimulates the production of insulin. This juice is generally used in combination with the juice of Brussels sprouts. The patient must, however be on a controlled diet.

Dr. James Anderson of the Human Nutrition Research Center of the US Department of Agriculture insists that the same foods that lower cholesterol and fight heart disease are also excellent for diabetics, who are at high risk of heart disease. This puts foods like beans that are high in soluble fiber in “highly recommended” category. Dr. Anderson quotes confirm that high fiber foods significantly reduce blood sugar along with cholesterol.

Lettuce

Lettuce belongs to that group of vegetables that contain three percent or less of carbohydrates. It is among the important foods that can be prescribed for diabetes. Diabetics can use it freely.

Onion

The onion has been used as a treatment for diabetes since ancient times. Recent research studies have proved that this pungent vegetable can lower blood sugar in diabetes. In recent investigations in India, scientists fed onion juice and whole onions in does of 25 to 200 grams to a group of diabetics and found that the greater the dose, the faster the decrease in blood sugar levels. It made no difference whether the onion was eaten raw or cooked. It was found that the onion affected the liver’s metabolism of glucose, or release of insulin, or prevented the destruction of insulin.
The probable active hypoglycaemic substances in the onion are allyl, propyl, disulphide and allicin. In fact, as early as 1923, researchers had detected the blood sugar lowering properties of onion. And in the 1960s, scientists isolated anti-diabetic compounds from onions, which are similar to the common anti-diabetic pharmaceuticals that are used to stimulate insulin synthesis and release.

Soya bean

Soya bean is one of the most nutritious foods of the great value in the treatment of diabetes. The journal of the American Medical Association quotes from an article by Dr. Christian Becker published in an authoritative German Medical journal. In this article, Dr. Becker points out that the Soya bean bread is a valuable food for diabetics. It contains very little starch, but is rich in fat and protein, both the excellent quality. Soya bean has steadily grown in importance from a therapeutic point of view, since 1910 when studies indicated it to be a valuable part of diabetic diet. Its usefulness in diabetes is attributable not only to its richness in protein and its palatability, but also to its ability to cause, in some unexplained way, a reduction in the percentage and the total quantity of urinary sugar in diabetes patients on the usual dietary restrictions.

Tomato

Tomato with its low carbohydrates contents is very good food for diabetic patients and for those who want to reduce their body weight. It is said to be very effective in controlling the percentage of sugar in the urine of diabetic patients.